Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is an emotional disorder that causes emotional instability, leading to stress and other problems.
People with borderline personality have a distorted and flawed image of the self with feelings of worthlessness. This leads to anger, impulsivity and frequent mood swings which may push others away, even though the person desires loving relationships.
In addition, other mental disorders, may be precipitated or co-exist, including:
At times, hospitalization may be for more intensive treatment and to prevent self-injury.
Once thought to be untreatable, today, with advances in knowledge of brain functioning and chemistry, there is effective treatment available for Borderline personality disorder. Treatment may include medications, psychotherapy, or hospitalization.
Medications can help stabilize emotions, reduce impulsiveness, control anger, curb anxiety, lift depression and, in general help the affected individual to attain a stable state. It also opens up the person's mind to psychotherapy.
Brief Intensive Gestalt (BIG) Therapy teaches the person to regulate emotions, tolerate distress and improve relationships by understanding the problems that have develop in that relationship. .
At times, hospitalization may be required for more intensive treatment and to prevent self-injury.
Borderline personality disorder affects:
Many areas of the person's life including intimate relationships, jobs, school, social activities and self-image can all be negatively affected. Relationships may be abusive, with the person being either the abuser or the abused. Repeated job losses and broken marriages are common. The emotional imbalance with impulsiveness may lead to self-injury, such as cutting or burning, and attempts at suicide. Risky, impulsive behavior may render the person vulnerable to risky sex, unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, motor vehicle accidents and physical fights.
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