Personality is the way you view your world and understand and relate to it. It is a combination of thoughts, emotions and behaviors which makes you unique, and this is known as Personality. Personality also determines how you see yourself.
Personality forms during childhood. It is shaped through an interaction of genes and your life situations. The genetic vulnerability to developing a personality disorder triggers the actual development of a personality disorder. Inherited tendencies, called "temperament" interact with the surroundings in childhood, events that occurred, and relationships with family members, the type of parenting etc.
A person with a personality disorder has a rigid and potentially self-destructive or self-denigrating pattern of thinking and behaving in all situations. This results in distress to the affected person and impairment of the ability to go about routine daily functions. Persons with a personality disorder may not realize the problem because their way of thinking and behaving seems natural to them and so they end up blaming others for their circumstances.
The following are known to increase the risk of developing or triggering personality disorders:
Personality disorders often begin in childhood and last through adulthood.
Personality disorders may be associated with:
Earlier, personality disorders were considered to be untreatable. This has now changed and it is recognized that there are effective ways in which personality disorders can be treated including medication and psychotherapy. Many of the newer medicines have shown to cause a marked improvement in various symptoms of personality disorder including antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics used judiciously by an expert. With treatment the quality of life of both the affected person and the family can be markedly improved.
Types of personality disorders
Personality disorders can be grouped into three clusters.
Cluster A: Characterized by odd, eccentric thinking or behavior.
Cluster B: Characterized by dramatic, overly emotional thinking or behavior.
Cluster C: Characterized by anxious, fearful thinking or behavior.
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