Sleep is a state of rest, which occurs in many animals, and humans. Sleep disorders are alterations in sleeping patterns that can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing, increased movement during sleep, difficulty sleeping and abnormal sleep behaviors. Sleep disorders can affect overall health, and quality of life. With accurate diagnosis, sleep disorders can be treated effectively.
Sleep is controlled by the body's circadian rhythm commonly known as the biological clock
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Among people with healthy biological clocks, there are "Larks" or "morning people", who prefer to sleep and wake early, as well as "owls" or "night people", who prefer to sleep and wake at late times. Whether you are a lark or an owl, you must be able to:
How much sleep is enough varies from person to person. Newborns need almost 22 hours of sleep. Infants need around 18 to 20 hours. Toddlers need around 12 to 14 hours of sleep. teenagers need around 8 to 10 hours. Most adults need seven to eight hours a night. Elders may need only 4 to 6 hours. Many adults experience insomnia at some point, but some people have long-term (chronic) insomnia.
Common causes of insomnia:
Insomnia is a condition in which there is inadequate sleep for normal daily function, in spite of having enough opportunity for sleep. It can make it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep / waking too early, or both. With insomnia, you usually awaken feeling unrefreshed, which takes a toll on your ability to function during the day.
Symptoms of insomnia include:
Hypersomnia is a condition in which there are recurrent episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness or prolonged nighttime sleep with or without a compelling urge to nap repeatedly during the day, often at inappropriate times such as at work, during a meal, or in conversation.
Insomnia and hypersomnia can sap not only your energy level and mood but also your health, work performance and quality of life.
Common symptoms include:
Common causes of hypersomnia:
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